Category Archives: Vowels

Grandfather and Martha’s Vineyard

xxx Map of Martha’s Vineyard. Source: Labov (1963) Martha’s Vineyard is an island off the Massachusetts coast SW of Cape Cod, and a popular resort for Bostonians. The permanent population are famous in various ways. Until not so very long … Continue reading

Posted in Accents, Articulation, Dialects, English, genealogy, Kent, Martha's Vineyard, Pronunciation, Vowels

Southern British English 3

Home Counties SBE vowel formants This page continues from Part 2, that introduced a spectrographic study of the monophthong vowels of five speakers of RP. A similar study for five speakers of home counties SBE is presented now. The home … Continue reading

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Southern British English 2

RP SBE vowel formants This page introduces a spectrographic study of the monophthong vowels of five speakers of RP (the same five speakers who were introduced in Part 1). Together, they cover 100 years (birth years from 1874 to 1961), … Continue reading

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Rhoticity in Lancashire 3: Preston to Colne

This page continues from the first part of this series, which has the introduction, definition of rhoticity, and the report for Area A (Liverpool-Manchester). The report for Area B (Southport, Chorley, Bolton, Rochdale) is here. This page reports Area C … Continue reading

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Southern British English 1

  1. Estuary English before Rosewarne Some 25 years ago I was confronted with an enigmatic comment “You do this new thing awfully well”, followed by a necessary explanation, “the way you speak”. That new thing? What new thing? I’d … Continue reading

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The Bell vowel model: its acoustic weaknesses

1. The single resonance and two resonance theories. Bell coupled his new vowel model to the then popular single resonance theory, claiming the vowel tone (resonance) depended on the dimensions of the buccal cavity. In Visible Speech (1867:71), he postulated … Continue reading

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The ancient throat-tongue-lip model

Vowel articulation: The ancient throat-tongue-lip model This page continues from The Bell vowel model. References in a new page. The two classes of model Ancient India Throat vowels Palatal vowels Labial vowels Aperture Ancient Rome Renaissance Before Alexander Melville Bell … Continue reading

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The Bell vowel model

How it all started: The Bell vowel model This topic continues at: The ancient throat-tongue-lip model The Bell vowel model: its acoustic weaknesses   Alexander Melville Bell’s model for vowel articulation will see its 150th anniversary in 2017. The latest … Continue reading

Posted in Articulation, History, Vowels