Category Archives: Accents

Sound change in 19th century RP: FACE and GOAT

This post follows on from Sound change in 19th century RP: Monophthongs and deals with the diphthongs FACE and GOAT. Earlier RP FACE was [eː] or [ei]. Jones (1932) described [ei], noting that diphthongs starting with cardinal [ɛ] were regional. … Continue reading

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Sound change in 19th century RP: Monophthongs

Seven examples of 19th century RP (the RP accent of people born in the 19th century) are examined for signs of some reported sound changes. This first post considers monophthongs. The examples, ordered by birth year, are: RP12: Robert Baden-Powel … Continue reading

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RP example 11

RP11, taken from a BBC program, is a biologist. Private data is withheld for the sake of privacy. Like RP09 and RP10, RP11 almost has a complete set of RP vowels, as described by Jones (1932) and updated by Gimson … Continue reading

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RP examples 09 and 10

Revision 1: 13 June 2018 (i) revised judgement on RP09’s MOUTH vowel (ii) added a second example, RP10, whose MOUTH vowel was similar to RP09’s. These two examples are taken from the sound track of a BBC discussion. One, referred … Continue reading

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New article

A spectrographic study of sound changes in nineteenth century Kent. 2017. In Tsudzuki, Masaki & Masaki Taniguchi (eds), A Festschrift for Jack Windsor Lewis on the occasion of his 90th Birthday 215-246, Journal of the English Phonetic Society of Japan … Continue reading

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19th century sound change in Kent: LOT

The distribution of LOT pronunciations by the seven informants. Most still had [a~ɑ]-like earlier pronunciations (O). Only two had as yet acquired the new pronunciation [ɔ] (N). The earlier 19th century popular pronunciation in Kent for LOT was [a~ɑ]. The … Continue reading

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19th century sound change in Kent: MOUTH

The distribution of MOUTH pronunciations by the eight informants. Four informants had acquired the new pronunciation [æɒ], [æ:] (N) or the partially new form [æʉ] (P). Four informants still had the earlier pronunciation [ɛʉ] (O). Alexander Ellis (1889, On Early … Continue reading

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19th century sound change in Kent: rhoticity

The distribution of rhoticity by the eight informants: four had the earlier fully rhotic pronunciation (O), one was partially rhotic (P), while three had acquired the new non-rhotic pronunciation (N). The map shows that four informants still had the older … Continue reading

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19th century sound change in Kent: THOUGHT

The distribution of  THOUGHT by the eight informants: three had the earlier (O) pronunciation, while five had the new (N) pronunciation. THOUGHT subsumes NORTH and FORCE. The map shows that three informants still had the older [ɔ:]-like pronunciation, while five … Continue reading

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19th century sound change in Kent: TRAP

The distribution of the [æ]-like TRAP vowel by the eight informants: this is either the earlier timbre close to DRESS (O), or it is the new open timbre (N). Two informants still had the earlier pronunciation. The map shows that … Continue reading

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