Season’s greetings and best wishes for 2022

1. Received Pronunciation
2. 19th century RP
3. 19th century RP: STRUT
4. 19th century RP: TRAP
5. 19th c. RP: THOUGHT and GOOSE
6. 19th c. RP: FACE and GOAT
8. 19th century RP: MOUTH
9. RP 1901-1925
10. RP 1901-1925: STRUT
11. RP 1901-1925: TRAP
12. RP 1901-1925: THOUGHT and GOOSE
13. RP 1901-1925: FACE and GOAT
14. RP 1901-1925: MOUTH
15. RP 1926-1950
Alexander Melville Bell’s vowel model
150th Anniversary September 2017
1. The Bell vowel model
2. The throat-tongue-lip model
3. Acoustic weaknesses of Bell’s vowel model
4. Tongue height and backness
5. The double-resonance theory
6. Feeling tongue positions
7. Is Cardinal 4 front or central?
8. Perturbation theory
9. Interpreting vowel articulation
from formant frequencies
 kentmapsedtownsdSound change in 19th c. Kent
The sound changes concern one consonant /r/, and nine vowels (FACE, PRICE, TRAP, STRUT, THOUGHT, GOAT, MOUTH, LOT and BATH) …. continue
HGWellsH G Wells (1866-1946) had acquired four out of six 19th century sound changes in Kent and his accent was thus just halfway to Estuary English (read more, PDF or slideshow)
Regional Accents
Dialects and accents, standard accents, regional differences and sound change … Continue reading
Southern British English (SBE)
Estuary English before Rosewarne, Southern British English, The RP accent, How many speak RP?  … Continue reading
Home Counties SBE vowel formants
More home counties data, confirming the THOUGHT, LOT, STRUT and GOOSE tendencies already seen … Continue reading
Rhoticity in Lancashire
1: Liverpool and Manchester
2. Southport to Rochdale
lancashirepreston2colne3. Preston to Colne
Tbilisi 1990
Posted 4 September 2013
Lund linguistics excursion

Old Georgian script at Sioni Ateni

Read here
Posted 1 Dec 2012
Maikop 1992
Maikop town centre
The 6th Colloquium of the Societas Caucasologica Europaea, Maikop, Republic of Adygeia, June, 1992.
Read here
The Societas Caucasologica Europaea
Read here
Correlation and causality
Acacias favour tone languages?
Promiscuity fosters sonorance?
High altitudes stimulate ejectives?
georgialabelsb500Lowland Kartvelian ejectives in Georgia.
Posted 17 August 2013
Postscript added 8 Sep 2013
Read here
Sound recording technology
Posted 25 April 2013
piskophonautograph200The first apparatus for recording and playing back sound was Thomas Edison’s Phonograph. Before that, Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville had perfected a method for making graphic records of sound waveforms, patented in 1857 as the Phonautograph ... Read more
Posted 27 March 2013
Is ogooglebar ungoogleable?
The Swedish Language Council, under pressure from the owners of a web search engine, has submitted to self-censorship and removed an entry from its current list of new Swedish words … Read more

Formants and resonance explained
Read more
Speech articulator manoeuvres
gesturesaSpeech is produced by organized movement of various parts of the mouth and throat (speech articulators) in order to create a continuously changing acoustic filter of the airway (or vocal tract) that shapes the basic buzzing or hissing sounds … Read more
A short sequence of stills from an X-ray movie of speech, annotated to show which articulators were active for which phoneme at any moment. Read more
Praat for Beginners:
Praat tutorial:  Speech waveforms
Listen to Purcell at 128kb/s:
Listen to Purcell at 192kb/s:
Unfortuntely, they sound the same. You can never be sure what sound quality web providers will broadcast your sounds at, or browsers reproduce them. These two sound files are different, but they both sound even more compressed, perhaps 96kb/s.
Read about MP3
Posted 10 March 2012:
Praat tutorial: Understanding waveforms
Four basic waveforms:
sine, triangle, sawtooth and pulse
played in that order
Listen and compare:
The sinewave has no overtones
The others have progressively stronger overtones:
 What coarticulation is about, with examples. Read more
SLP site of the month June 2011
Thank you Speechwoman
See the full list since 1998
Caroline Bowen
wins award for the
Best educational site
carolinebowenPosted 16 Dec 2012